|POP. GROWTH RATE:||-0.3%|
|GDP PER CAPITA:||20,165|
National Renovator Party (Partido Nacional Renovador, PNR)
The National Renovator Party, established in 2000, intended to fill a gap on the far-right political arena, unifying bits and pieces of extreme-right political offerings stretching from the traditional far right to the militant skinhead scene. The party was built on the ruins of the Partido Renovador Democrático (PRD, established in 1985); while the PRD dropped out of parliament in 1991, it remained a legally constituted organization. The PNR broke ranks with the traditional far-right associated with the Salazar-regime, with its multi-ethnic imperial ideology, and replaced it with an ethno-nationalist political orientation under the “Portugal to the Portuguese” slogan. Since 2005 the party has been led by José Pinto Coelho, one of the founding members of the PNR. The PNR is an extra-parliamentary party that, due to the public's aversion to the earlier nationalist regime and the accession to the EU, has made negligible strides in the general elections. In the 2005 general elections it received 0.2%, in the 2009 EP election 0.4% and in the 2011 elections 0.31% of the votes cast. To improve its electoral support, the PNR's nationalist rhetoric focuses on the issue of migration at rallies held in the capital averaging a few thousand supporters. Aside from migration, the party rejects the liberalization of abortion, opposes European integration, in particular the free movement of labor “taking jobs” from the Portuguese. On the grounds of ethnic and cultural differences, it rejects Turkey’s accession to the EU. Regularly being accused of promoting racial, religious and sexual discrimination and inciting to hatred, the party is threatened with a ban under provisions of the Portuguese Constitution banning all these forms of discrimination. The PNR maintains close relations with Western European far right parties, the French National Front in particular; in 2004 it joined the European National Front and in 2009 the Alliance of European National Movements, a far-right Eurosceptic movement.
PNR on the Internet:
- Political Capital
Our thematic websites
Political Capital's analyses and activities in English.
Research and advocacy programme focused on the role conspiracy theorising plays in shaping populist and radical politics.
Our project New electoral system in Hungary: watchdogging, advocacy and raising awareness focuses on the electoral reform in Hungary.
Our blog on political and societal extremism and conspiracy theories.
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